Al Tamur Traders

Friday, July 8, 2011

ROZE KE ARKAAN SUNNAN AUR MAKROOHAAT

Bismillahirrahmanirraheem



ROZE KE ARKAAN,SUNAN AUR MAKRUHAAT:



1- ROZE KE ARKAAN:


1- din me roza rakne ka pakka iraada sirf allah ke huqm ke paalan me aur uski qareebi haasil karne ke liye, irshaad nabwi (sws) hai:

" kamon ka aadhar(base) niyaton par hai"


agar farz roza hai to subaah saadiq se pahle raat ko hi uski niyat wa iraada kare, aap(sws) ka farmaan hai:- " jo roze ki raat ko niyat na kare uska roza nahi hai"


(tirmizi)


aur agar roza nafil hai to subah hone ke baad bhi niyat kar sakta hai balki agar kuch khaaya piya nahi hai to suraj tulu(rises) hone ke baad bhi niyya ho sakti hai,


hz aisha (ra) farmati hain:-" ek din aap(sws) mere paas aaye aur farmaya tumhare paas koi cheez hai? Hamne kaha, nahi, aap sws ne farmaya, to phir main rozedaar hun"

(muslim)



2- ROZE ME MASNOON KAAM:



1- Iftaar jaldi karna masnoon hai ya yah ki suraj guroob(set) hone ke fauran baat iftaar kiya jaaye,


Aap(sws) ka irshad hai:-" jab tak log iftaar jaldi karenge acchai me rahenge"


(bukhari wa muslim)


aur hz anas(ra) farmate hain:-" nabi(sws) iftaar karke mahhrhb ki namaz padhte they ek ghoont paani se iftaar karte "


(tirmizi)


2- taaza ya khusk khajoor ya paani se roza iftaar karna sunnat hai, isme pahli cheez se iftar bahtar hai aur aakhir dusri paani se iftaar halka darja hai, mustahab yah hai ki 3 ya 5 ya 7 daane se iftaar kiya jaaye,


hz anas bin malik (ra) farmate hain:-" rasoollullah(sws) taaza khajooron se pahle iftaar karte they, agar taaza na hoti to khusk khajooron ke saath, agar yah bhi na hoti to paani ke kuch ghoont bhar lete"

(tabrani)


3- iftar ke waqt dua padhna bhi masnoon hai isliye ki aap (sws) iftaar ke waqt farmate they:


trans:-" aiy allah! Hamne tere hi liye roza rakha aur tere rizq par iftaar kar rahe hain, isliye hamse qubool farma, beshaq tu hi sunne wala, jaanne Waala hai"


(abu dawood)


aur ibne umar(ra) kaha karte they:-" aiy allah! Main teri rahmat se jo har cheez par chhaayi hai sawaal karta hun ki mere gunaahon ki maghfirat farma"

(ibne maja)


4- sahri khana sunnat hai, yani raat ke aakhiri hisse me roze ki niyat se khana aur peena, isliye ki aap(sws) ka irshaad hai:-" hamare aur ahle kitaab ke roze me sahri khane ka hi farq hai"

(muslim)


aur farmaya:


" sahri khaao isliye ki sahri me barqat hai"

(bukhari,wa muslim)



5- sahri raat ke aakhiri waqton tak der karna bahtar hai kyonki aap(sws) ka farmaan hai:

" meri ummat us waqt tak theek rahegi jab tak wah iftaar jaldi aur sahri me deri karegi"


(ahmad)


sahri ka waqt raat ke aakhiri aadhi se shuru hota hai aur subah saadiq hone tak rahta hai,


hz zaid bin saamit (ra) farmate hain:-" hamne rasoollullah(sws) ke saath sahri khaayi phir namaz ke liye uthe, maine malum kiya azaan aur sahri me kitna Waqt tha? Kaha 50 aayete kareema ke andaaze par"


(bukhari wa muslim)


WARNING:


Subah saadiq hone me shaq hai to kha pee sakte hain lekin subah ka yaqeen ho jaaye to ruk jaana zaroori hai, allah taala ka huqm hai:

" raat ke siyaah dhaage se subah ka safed dhaaga saaf ho jaane tak khaao aur piyo"


ibne abbas(ra) se ek shakhs ne kaha, main sahri kha raha hun jab subah ka shak ho jaaye to aaya khana band kar dun? Farmaya: jab tak shak hai khata rah aur jab subah ka yaqeen ho jaaye to phir ruk ja

(ibne abi shaiba)



3-ROZE KE MAKHRUHAAT:




Kuch cheezen aisi hain jinse roza nahi toot ta magar roze ke liye napasandida hain, aur roza kharaab karne ki wajah ban sakti hai jaise:


1- wuju ke waqt kulli karne aur naak me paani me mubaligha nahi karna chahiye, isliye aap(sws) ka farman hai:

" naak me paani daalne me mubaaligha kar ya yah ki tu roze se rah"

(ashab e sunan w bin khazimiyah wa sahih)



Aap(sws) ne naak me mubaaligha se paani daalna isi khatre ki wajah se napasand kiya hai ki kahin paani andar na chala jaaye or roza kharab na ho jaaye


2- bosa dene lene se waasna(sexual) bhadak sakti hai jisse agr mazi bahar aa jaaye ya sahwat ho jaaye to roza kharab ho jaayega


3-aurat ko haath lagana ya uske jism ko apne jism se lagana


4- koi cheez muh me daalkar chabaana, isliye ki ho sakta hai uske kuch parts halaq k neeche chalen jaye


5- khane ko chakhna


6- wuju k elawa bila zarurat kulli karna


7- din k pahle hisse me surma lagana , pichle hisse me koi farq nahi hai


8- singi ke zariye ya "fasd" khol kar khoon nikaalna isliye ki isse kamzori hogi aur ho sakta hai ki maamla iftaar par khatm ho jaaye


note: aankh me surma roza me khalal kisi ke yahan ki nahi hai, mere nazdeek din ke awwal me napasand hai, jabki aakhiri hisse me napasand nahi hai, magar yah farq bila daleel hai

(al asri)