Al Tamur Traders

Thursday, February 16, 2012

ZAKAAT KI AHMIYAT AUR MASAIL:







Bismillahirrahmanirraheem



ZAKAAT KI AHMIYAT AUR MASAIL:


ZAKAAT KI TAAREEF:


Arabic zabaan me lafz zakaat " paakizgi, badhotri(increment), aur barkat ke mano me istemal hota hai, aur shariat me zakaat ek makhsoos maal ke makhsoos hisse ko kaha jaata hai, jo makhsoos logon ko diya jaata hai aur ise zakaat isliye kaha gaya hai ke isse dene waale ko faayeda hota hai aur uska maal paak aur ba'barkat ho jaata hai,

yaad rahe ke zakaat ke liye quraan wa sunnat me "sadqah" ka lafz bhi istemal kiya gaya hai,

jaisa ke farman e ilaahi hai

" yani aiy paighambar aap unke maalon se sadqah le lijiye, jiske zariye aap unko paak saaf kar denge"

(surah tauba 103)

is aayat se malum huwa ke zakaat insaan ke akhlaaq wa kirdaar ki paakizgi ka bada zariya hai..


ZAKAAT KI AHMIYAT:


1- Zakaat deen e islam ke 5 buniyadi arkaan me se ek hai, jis par deen e islam qayem hai,

rasoollullah sallalaho alaihi wasallam(pbuh) Ka irshaad hai

" islam ki buniyaad 5 cheezon par hai, is baat ki gawahi dena ke allah ke siwa koi mabood nahi aur muhammad(sws) uske bande aur rasool hain aur namaz qayem karna aur zakaat ada karna..........."

(hadith)


2- zakaat allah ki rahmat ko haasil karne ka ek zariya hai,

allah ka farman hai

" aur meri rahmat to har cheez ko ghere hue hai, pas main apni rahmat un logon ke naam likh dun jo (gunah aur shirk se) bache rahte hain, aur zakaat ada karte hain"

(surah araaf 165)


3- zakaat, deeni bhai chaare ke hudood me se ek shart hai,

farman e ilaahi hai

" pas agar ye tauba karlen aur namaz ke paband ho jayen aur zakat dete rahen to tumhare deeni bhai hain"

(surah tauba 11)


4- muslim muashre me jin cheezon ko aam hona chahiye unme se ek zakaat hai

irshad e rabbani hai

" momin mard aurat aapas me ek dusre ke (madargaar) aur dost hain, wah bhalaai ka huqm dete aur buraayi se rokte hain, Namazon ko pabandi se baja laate hain aur zakaat ada karte hain"

( surah tauba 71)


5- jannaul firdaus ke waaris banne waale momino ki shifaat jo allah ne bayaan farmayi hai, in mese ek zakaat ada karna bhi hai..

Allah ka farman hai

" aur jo zakaat ada karne waale hain "

(surah momineen 14)


6- hz abu ayyub ra se riwayat hai ke ek shakhs ne rasoollullah sallalaho alaihi wasallam(pbuh) se kaha:-" mujhe aisa amal bataayen jise karne se main jannat me chala jaun ? To aap rasoollullah sallalaho alaihi wasallam(pbuh) ne farmaya:- allah hi ki ibadat karte raho aur uske saath kisi ko shareek mat banaao aur farz namaz pabandi se ada karte raho aur zakaat ada karte raho aur sulah rahmi karte raho"

( mutaffiq allaih)

7- zakaat ki adaayegi se maal badhta aur ba'barkat ho jaata hai aur aafaton se mahfooz ho jaata hai

allah ka farman hai

" aur tum sood(interest) dete ho taake logon ke maal me izaafa ho Jaaye ,toh allah ke yahan nahi badhta aur jo tum zakaat doge, allah ki khushnoodi paane ki khaatir toh aise log hi ki zyada se zyada paane waale hain"


(surah ar-room 39)


ZAKAAT KE FAAYEDE:



1- allah taala ne risq ki taqseem apne haath me rakhi hai, jise chahe zyadah de aur jise chaahe thoda de, lekin maaldaar ko allah taal ne zakaat dene aur sadqah karne aur allah ki raah me kharch karne ka huqm diya hai taaki jise allah ne thoda diya hai use be'gair sawaal ke milta rahe, aur uski zaruriyaat poori hoti rahen, aur faqeer ko allah taala ne sawaal na karne ka huqm diya hai taake uske andar sabr wa shukr jaise shafaat hameedah paida ho, is tarah muashre ke ye dono fardh allah ke ajar wa sawaab ke mustahiq hote hain, maaldaar kharch karke aur faqeer sabr wa shukr karke...

2- islam ke khoobsurat nizaam ki ek khoobi ye hai ke agar poore ikhlaas ke saath us par amal kiya jaaye to daulat chand logon Ke hanthon me hone ke bajaaye muashre ke tamaam afraad me gardish karti rahen, aur iski bar'ashk deegar mazahibon ke nizaamon me ye hota hai ke muashre ke chand afraad to aish o aaraam se zindagi basar karte hain, aur unhi ke qareeb me rahne waale dusre log ghurbat(ghareebi) ki chakki me piste rahte hain, aur ye bahut bada zulm hai,


chunanche muashre me ameeri aur ghareebi ke farq ko paatne ke liye aur , aur is zulm ko khatm karne ke liye allah taala ne ZAKAAT ko farz kiya aur sadaqaat ki tarah targheeb dilaayi, taake muashre ke tamaam afraad maal wa daulat se mustafeed hote rahen..

3- zakaat ki adaayegi se maaldaar aur faqeer ke darmiyaan muhabbat paida hoti hai, aur yun muashrah bhugz wa nafrat aur khudgharzi jaisi bimarion se paak ho jaata hai, zakaat dene waale me sakhaawat, shafqat aur hamdardi aur zakaat lene waale me ahsaan'mandi , tawajeh, aur ankisaari jaisi sifaat paida ho jaati hai, goya Nizaam zakaat muashre me akhlaaqi ko parwaan chadhaata hai..

4- tareekh gawah hai ke khilafat e rasheeda ke daur me jab zakaat ko hukumati satah par jama aur phir use fuqara me taqseem kiya jaata tha to ek waqt aaya jab talaash karne ke bawajood bhi muashre me fuqara nahi milte they,

chunanche zakaat ko baitul maal me jama kar diya jaata tha, aur phir use musalmano ke mufaad aama me kharch kar diya jaata, isse saabit huwa ke islami nizaam zakaat se muashre me ghurbat khatm hoti hai, ba'shartah ise poore ikhlaas ke saath aur mukammal imaandari ke saath nafez kiya jaaye..

5- maaldaar log agar zakaat ada na karen to muashre me maujood fuqara ahsaas kamtari ka shikaar ho jaayen, aur unke dilon me maaldaron ke khilaaf nafrat aur shadeed adawat paida ho jaaye aur phir wah apni zarooriyaat ko poora karne k liye chori aur daaka zani jaise jurm karna shuru kar den, aur yun muashrah bad'amani aur la'qanooniyat (unlawful activities) ki bhayanak tasweer ban jayen,

goya islami nizaam zakaat un akhlaaqi jurm ka hal(solution) hai aur muashre ko aman wa sukoon ki jagah banaata hai,

6- maal allah taala ki nemat hai jiska shukriya ada karna zaruri hai, aur uski bahtar shakl yahi hai ke uski zakaat ada ki jaaye, aur ye baat maalum hai ke jab allah ki nematon par shukriyah ada kiya jaaye to allah ki inaayaat me izaafa ho jaata hai..

Allah taala ka irshad hai

" agar tum shukr ada karoge to main zaroor ba zaroor tumhe aur zyada dunga"

(surah ibraheem 7)




to bo continued....