Al Tamur Traders

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

YAZID BIN MUAWIYA RA KO KUSTUNTUNIA(CONSTANTINOPLE) KE JIHAD KI COMMANDARI (TAREEKHI JAYEZA)







Bismillahirrehmanir raheem


Kustuntunia(constantinople) ke jihad se related sahih bukhari ki jo riwayat pahle jagahon par bahas me aa chuki hai, jis me yah khush khabri di gayi hai ki is jihad me shareeq hone wale log bakshe hue hain, lekin itihaas(history) ki purani kitaben is baat par sahmat hain ki is jihad ke ameer lashkar yazeed bin muawiya they, is silsile me sab se pahle musnad ahmad ki ek riwayat hai jisme saaf tarah se bayan hai ki-

" Is qustuntunia ke lashkar ke ameer jisme hz abu ayyub ansari (ra) bhi shareeq they, yazid bin muawiya they"

(musnad ahmad)


Isi tarah purani kitabon jaise ibne saad (230H) Ki Attabqatul qubra, ibne zarir tabri (310H) ki tarikhul umm wal muluq (part 4 page 173) aur khalifa bin khayyat (240H) ki taareekh (part 1 pg 196) me is jihad ke baare me yazid bin muawiya ki shirqat ka jikr is andaz hi se hai ki wah ameer e lashkar they, yah to nayi aur purani taareekhen hai . Baad ke itihaaskaaron(historian) me hafiz ibne kathir (rh) (774H) Ka jo darja hai, wah batane ki zarurat nahi unhone apni tareekh ki mashoor kitab al bidaya wan nihaya ki bahut se jagahon par iska khulaasa kiya hai,

(part 8 pg 59) par musnad ahmad ki riwayat bhi naqal ki gayi hai aur page 58 par hai ki hz abu ayyub ansari ra ki wasiyat ke mutabik un ki namaz e janaza yazid ne padhai

(AL BADAYA WAN NIHAYA PART 8 PAGE 58,59)


Isi part ke page 151 par likha hai ki hz hussain ra bhi us lashkar me maujood they

(page 151)

Aur page 229 me yazid rh ke haalat me yahi likha hai ki wo us lashkar me maujood they


(badaya wan nihaya pg 229)

Isi tarah ibne abdul barr(463H) Ki kitab " al istiaab fi maariftil ashab" part 2 page 157, imam suhaili rh (581H) ki oranjul anf (sharah seerat ibne hisham) 2nd part page 246, haafiz ibne hajar ki kitab "al asaba fi tamijussahaba" part 2 page 90 me isi haqiqat ka munazara Kiya gaya hai, iske elawa sharah bukhari "fath ul bari" part 6 page 125, (tawa darus salam) aur "umdatul qari" me bhi hadith ( yaghzuroona madinata qaysara) ki tafseel karte hue likha gaya hai,


Hadith aur tareekh ke in tamam hawalon se yah baat suboot ko pahunch jaati hai ki jis lashkar ke baare me rasoollullah sws ne "maghfurul lahum" (wah bakhsha huwa hai) farmaya hai us ke ameer yazid bin muawiya ra hi they.



Is tareekh ke jawab me kuch log yazid ko is khush khabri se darkinar karne ke liye kahte hain ki is lashkar ke ameer hz sufiyan bin auf they, yazid na they, lekin taareekhi daleelen is raaye ka difa(baatil hona) karti hain, jaisa ki hawala di gayi ibaarton se saaf hai,

shayad aise logon ke saamne ibnul aseer (630H) ki al kaamil aur ibne khaldun (808H) ki taareekh hai agar unke bayanon se bhi unki raaye poori nahi hoti,


Ibnul aseer ne is silsile me likha hai ki-

" Hz muawiya ra ne Kustuntunia ki taraf ek badi fauj bheji, hz sufiyan bin auf ko us ka ameer banaya aur apne ladke yazid ko bhi us fauj me shamil hone ko kaha lekin wah saath jaane ke liye taiyyar na huwa, lashkar wahan pahuncha aur khabar aayi ki wah musibaton se do chaar ho gaya hai is par yazid ki marzi ke mutabik bade lashkar me badhotri(increment) ki jisme hz ibne abbas ra, hz ibne umar ra, ibne zubair ra, aur abu ayyub ansari ra etc bahut se log they"



(TAREEKH IBNUL ASEER PART 3 PAGE 227)


Tareekh ibne khaldun me bhi (shayad) aisi hi baat likhi hai

(part 3 page 9, taba bairut 1971)


1- Ye dono kitabein baad ki hain jabki purani taareekh me yazid hi ko lashkar ka commander batlaya gaya hai jaisa ki pahle saare hawale darj kiye ja chuke hain.


2- Ibnul aseer aur ibne khaldun ke bayan kiye gaye dalail ko agar pahle historian ki dalail ki roshni me dekha jaaye to is me sirf itni zyadati milti hai ki yazid se pahle Ek lashkar sufiyan bin auf ki commandari me bheja gaya lekin iske bawajood wah lashkar ko kaarakardgi na dikha saka jiske baad yazid ki commandari me wah lashkar bheja gaya jisne wahan jaakar jihad kiya aur yun yazidi lashkar ki kustuntunia ke jihad ka pahla vijeta(winner) aur nabi (sws) ki khush khabri ko sahi tahraya gaya, isi ke saath tamam historian ka yazid ki ko us kustuntunia ke lashkar ka commander qaraar dena bilkul sahi hai, aur ibnul aseer aur ibne khaldun ki jaankaari bhi uske khilaf nahi, jabki isme ek baat ki zyadati(increment) bhi hai, lekin is zyadati se yazid ko is gaurav(greatness) se door karne ki koshish be buniyaad hai, yah baat to khud ibnul aseer ne apni zehan me bhi nahi thi jiska saaf saaboot yah hai ki unhone apni kitaab Asudul gaaba me yazid hi ko kustuntunia ke lashkar ka commander likha hai

(usdul gaaba part 2 page88- part5 page 145 taba old translation, abu ayyub ansari)


ALLAH HAMEN BADAKHLAKI SE BACHNE KI TAUFEEQ DE.....AMEEN