Al Tamur Traders

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

AIMMA E HADITH AUR FITNA INKAAR E HADITH

 Bismillahirrahmanirraheem




AIMMA E HADITH AUR FITNA INKAAR E HADITH



Fitnah Inkaar e Hadees ,



Inkaar e Hadees ke Mamle mein yeh baath Dhayan mein rahni chahiye ke Musalmano mein se bohat kam log aise hai jo wakaai mein Sunnat e Rasoolullah saw , ki Sharai haisiyat Inkaar karte hain ,


al battah aise logon ki tadad bohat zayada hai jo Sunnat ke wazud ka Inkaar karne ke bawazud Sunnat se farar ki rah ikhteyar karne ke liye Hadeeson par agal-alag fitna karke Hadees ke Bhandhar ko shak o subah or bharosha na karne layak thairane ki zalil kosishon mein din raat lage rahte hai ,


Hadees ke Inkaari ka aithraz ka tahqeeq kiya jaye to Sharai Hukmon ko Qubol karne ya na karne ka Naqsha kuch is tarah shamne aata hai jaise Sharai Hukmon ka Jummah Bazar laga ho , or har Grahak ko is baat ki poori azadi hasil hai ke woh tamam chizon ko khub thok bazakar dekhe or jis-jis chiz ko apni Subhao or Pasand ke Mutabik paye use uthha lein or jis se NaPasand kare usse Naak chadakar wahi rakh dein ,

Yani Munkeeren e Hadees ke yeha Bartaao mein yahi haal Nazar aata hai
Koi Sahab Karamaat ke Inkaari hai to
 

Koi Sahab Panch ke bajaye Do Namazon ko hi kaafi samajhte hah
 

Koi Sahab Tish 30 ke bajaye ek ya do Roze rakhne se Farz poora hone ke Qaayal hai to Koi Sahab Hajj or Qurbani ke bajaye Samaj sewa ki kaamon par Paisa kharch karna Behtar Samajhte hai 

Koi Sahab Zakat ki door Hukumat ki marzi par Ghatane Badane ke kayal hai to Koi Sahab Rasool saw ki Ittat Farmabardari ko Aap saw ki paak zindagi tak hi mahdud samajhte hai ,


Fitna Inkaar e Hadees se paravhawit or Western Magribi Bichar or Sabyata o Tahzeb se Marub Taraqqi pasand Aqal mand Samajhdaron ne bhi apna sara zor e kalam or zor e bayan Hadeeson ki Shak o Subah or Bharosa layaq na samajhne par kharch kar diya hai take Eastern purwi samajh ko bhi wahi Nangi azadi hasil ho jaye jo Wertern Magribi samajh ko hasil hai ,

Aurton ko be pardagi Mard o Aurat ki mili juli mahfilen , zindagi ke har makaam mein Mard o Aurat ko saman Huqooq naama bazana or alag Aslilta or behayai failane wale kaam or riswat , sood , jua , sarab or zina jaise haram kaamon ko bhi kisi tarah Sariyat ki sanad hasil ho jaye ,

1-Hadees ke Imaamon ke Khidmaat par ek Nazar ,
Munkeren e Hadees ki Aithraz ka post martam karne se pahle Hifaajat e Hadees ke liye Ulama e Hadees ki Qurbaniyan , Kawiso par ek Nazar daalna bohat zaruri hai Ilm ke dunya mein hifaazat e hadees ek aisa azeem o shan karnaama hai jis se Ghair Muslim bhi manne par mazbur hai ,

a- Marhur Musat
Sharik Muhaqeen Professor Mar Girhte ka yeh manna ke ,
Ilm e Hadees par Musalmano ka Raskh karna jaeez hai " be bunyad nahi ,


MustSharik Muhaqeen
Giiledh Jinhar
ne Ulama e Hadees ke khidmaat ka ateraf in sabdh mein kiya hai " Muhaddisen ne dunya e Islam ke ek kinaron se doosre kinaron tak , Undulush se middle asia tak ke khak chuni or sahar - sahar , gaon - gaon ,
chappa - chappa , ka paidal safar kiya take Hadees Jama karen or apne shagirdon mein failayen , bohat zayada safar karne wale or bohat zayada ghumne wale Imaam e Hadees yahi log haqdaar hai ,



1-Abu Ayub Ansari raz , ne sirf ek Hadees ke tahqeeq ke liye Madina se Mishr ka safar kiya ,

2-Jabir bin Abdullah raz , ne ek Hadees sunne ke liye musalsal mahina bhar ka safar kiya ,

3-Makhul rh , ne Ilm e Hadees hasil kar ne ke liye , Mishr , Sham , Hizaz or Iraq ka safar kiya ,

4-Imaam Razi rh , farmate hai pahli baar Hadees ki chahat ka safar kiya to saal-saal tak ka safar kiya ,

5-Imaam Zahbi rh , ne Imaam Bukhari rh ke bare mein likha hai ke aapne sahar Bukhara ke ulama se Ilm e Hadees hasil karne ke baad
Imaam Bukhari rh ,
Balkh Baqdad , Makkah , Bashra , Kufa ,Sham , Ashkalan , Hamash or Damishk ke ulama se Ilm e Hadees hasil kiya ,


6-Yahya bin Saeed Al-Kitaan rh , ne talab e Hadees ke khatir apne ustad Shoba rh , ke paas 10 dus saal guzare ,

7-Naafe bin Abdullah rh , farmate hai maine Imaam Malik rh , ke paas 40 chalish ya 35 paitish saal tak baitha raha rozana subha , dopaher or pichli pahar haziri deta ,

8-Imaam Zohri rh , farmate hai maine Saeed bin Musay-yab rh , ki shagirdo mein 20 bis saal guzari ,

9-Abdullah bin Mubarak rh , ne 1100 Giyarha sho Muhaddisen se Ilm e Hadees hasil kiya ,

10-Hisham bin Abdullah rh , ne 1700 satrah sho Muhaddisen se Hadees ka Ilm hasil kiya ,

11-Abu Naeem Esbahni rh , ne 800 ulamayen Hadees ke 10 saal fayda hasil kiya ,
Ulama Hadees ne talab e Hadees ke khatir apni sari zindagiyan Imaan o Aarkan mein is shan se wakhf kar rahi thiy ke us daur mein ghar baar ki sari punji lutane ke baad bhi badi se badi aazmaish unke paon mein dagmagahat paida na kar saki ,

12-Imaam Malik rh , apne ustad
Rabiya rh , ke bare mein likhte hai ke Ilm e Hadees ki talash or zustazu mein unka haal yeh hoga tha ke ghar ki chhat ke kundiya tak bech daali , or is haal se bhi guzre ke khas o khasak ke dher se khazur ke thokde chun chun kar khane pade ,


13-Ilm e Hadees ke Imaam Yahya bin Moin rh , ke bare mein Khateeb rh, ne yeh riwayat darz ki hai ke Yahya bin Moin rh , ne Ilm e Hadees hasil karne mein 10,50,000 dirham ki rakam kharch kar daali or naubat yaha tak pahonchi ke unke paas paaon mein pahenne ke liye joota tak baki na raha ,

14-Ali bin Aasim rh , ne talab e Hadees mein 1,00,000 dirahm ,
Imaam Zahbi rh , 1, 50,000 dirahm , Imaad Rustan rh ne 3,00,000 dirham ,
Hisaam bin Abdullah rh , ne 7,00,000 dirham kharch kiya ,


15-Imaam Bukhari rh , jaise saheb e sarwat or laad pyar mein parwarish pane wale shaks ne talab e Hadees ke khatir garib ul watani mein
kaise-kaise din dekha iska andaza Imaam Mausufh rh ke hum sabak Umer bin Hafsh rh , ke bayan ki gayi is wakiye se lagaya ja sakta hai ,

Bashra mein hum Muhammad bin Ismail Bukhari rh , ke saath Hadees likha karte they kuch dino ke baad mahsus hua ke Bukhari rh , kai dino se Darsh mein nahi aa rahe hai ,
Talash hui hum log unke ghar pahonche to dekha ke ek anheri kothri mein pade hain , badan par aisa libash nahi jise pahen kar bahar nikal sake ,

Maloom karne par pata chala ke kharch khatam ho chuka hai libash taiyar karne ke liye bhi paisa nahi , aakhir mein hum sab shagirdon ne milkar rakam jama ki Bukhari rh , ke liye kaapda kharid kar laye tab woh hamare saath Darsh gaah mein aane jaane lage ,

16- Imaam Ahmad bin Hambal rh , Ilm e Hadees ke husul ke liye yaman aaye to ijaarband bunte or unhe bech bech kar apni zarurto ko puri karte rahe , jab farigh ho kar yaman se jane lage to naanbai ke makruz they , to apna joota karz mein de diya khud naange paaon paidal rawana ho gaye , rashte mein oonth par bojha laadne or uttarne wale majdor mein sarik ho gaye jo majduri milti usi se guzara karte ,


Talab e Hadees or Ishaaten Hadees ke liye Ulamayen Hadees ki shakt mehnat o musakkat or Qurbaniyon ki dashtan sirf unki din raat mehnat or bhook piyash ki zindagi par hi khatam nahi ho jati balke us raahe waafa mein zayada tar Muhaddisen kiram ko apne waqt ke jabir or jalim hukumaton ke qahar o gajab ka nisana bhi banna pada ,


17- Bani Ummayah ke waqt mein
Umer bin Abdul Aziz rh ,ko chhod kar
Muhammad bin Sirin rh ,
Hassan Bashri rh ,
Abdullah bin abi Rafeea rh ,
Yahya bin Ubaid rh , or
Ibne abi Qasim rh ,
jaise acche Muhaddisen ke umra ko atyachar ka nisana banna pada ,



18- Banu Abbash ke waqt mein ,
Imaam Malik bin Anas rh , ki naangi pith par kode barsaye gaye ,



19- Sufyan Suri rh , jaise unche choti ke Muhaddisen ko Qalt ka hukm diya gaya ,


20- Imaam Saafai rh , ko giraftar karke paidal darul khilafa rawana kiya gaya , jaha woh kaid o bandi ki takleefon ka bhi sikar rahe ,


21- Imaam Ahmad bin Hambal rh , ne Kitab o Sunnat ki khatir jo bhayandaak sitam uthaye woh tarik e Islam ka bada hi Ibrat nak wakiya hai ,


22- Imaam abu Hanifa rh , ka janaza jail ki tang o anheri kothri se utha ,
In jaani o mali Qurbaniyan ke saath-saath ulamaye Hadees ke Ilmi kaarname bhi saamne rakhne chahiye,


2- Hadees e Rasool saw ke Qubool karne ke maamle mein saabdhani Ahtiyat ka andaza is baat se laga ya ja sakta hai ke ,


1-Abu Bakr Siddiq raz ,
Umer Faruque raz , gawahi ke bina kisi ki Hadees Qbool nahi karte they,



2- Ushmaan Gani raz bin Affhan , saabdhani ke liye Hadees e Rasool saw kam bayan farmatey ,

3- Ali raz bin abi Talib , rawi e Hadees se Qasam liya karte they ,

4- Abdullah bin Masood raz , Hadees bayan farmate to jimmedari ke ahshas se unke chahre ka 
rang badadl jaata ,

5- Anas raz , saabdhani ke liye Hadees bayan karne ke baad " Aao kaama Qala " yani jaise Rasool saw ne farmaya ka sabdh aada farmate ,
Jab Sahaba e Kiram raz , ko Mamoli sa shak o subha lagta ke budhape ke wazha se inka Hafiza kamzoor ho gaya hai to woh Hadees bayan karna chhod dete ,


6- Zaid bin Arkaama raz , se unke budhape ke jamane mein Hadees suna ne ko kaha jata to farmate " hum budhe ho chuke hai Hafiza kamzoor ho gaya hai , Hadees e Rasool saw bayan karna bohat baada kathin kaam hai ,


7- Imaam Malik bin Anas rh , farmate hai ke hum madina ke bohat se Muhaddisen ko jaante hai jo kuch aise sikka muttaki or parhezgar logo se bhi Hadees Qubool na karte jinhe apar baith ul maal ka muhafiz bana diya jata to ek paise ki baimani na karte ,


8- Mashoor Muhaddisen Yahya bin Saeedh rh , ka Qaul hai ke hum bohat se logo par dirham o dinnar ka aitbaar karne ko taiyar hun likin unki riwayat ki gayi Ahadees Qubool nahi kar sakte ,


9- Muhaddisen Moin bin Esha rh , farmate hai maine Imaam Malik rh , se jo Hadeesen riwayat ki hai un mein se ek ek Hadees 30-30 tish-tish baar suni hai ,


10- Muhaddisen Ibrahin bin Abdullah al Harwih rh , farmate hai maine Ustaad Hashim rh , se jo Haees riwayat karta hun unhen kam se kam tish-tish 30-30 , baar suna hai ,


11- Marhoor Muhaddisen Ibrahim bin Saeedh al Zohri rh , farmate hai mujhse jab tak ek-ek Hadees 100-100 tarike se nahi milti main us Hadees ko apne bare mein apne aap ko yattim khayal karta hun ,


3~ Aahadees ki Chaan bin o Tahqeeq ke mamle mein Ulamaye Hadees ne jo kaarnama anjam diyen hain woh is qadr hairan karne wali hai ke aaj ke daur ke yani Malti Media o science ki daur unki dhhul ko bhi nahi pahonch sakti ,


1- Mashoor Garman MustaSarik Muhaqeeq Doctor Siprahgar ne Ashab fee Ahwaal Sahaba ki angrazi Mukaddama mein likha hai ,
Koi Qaum dunya mein aisi guzri na aaj mauzud hai jisne Musalmano ki tarah "Aashma ur Rijjal " jaise mahan Ilm ijad ki hai jiske badolat aaj
5,00,000 panch lakh aadmiyon ka haal maloom ho sakta hai ,



Muhaddisen ne Aashma ur Rijjal mein ek-ek raawi ki Aqeedhe , Imaan, Aamal, Parhezgari , Aamanat, Imaandari , Sachhai , Quaat e Hafiza , Sujh Bujh , ki Taqheeq ki kasaoti par parkha or kisi bhi badale ka tammanna ya malamat ki khuf se uper rahte hue apni Raaye ko waazhe kiya ,
Aahadees Ghaadne or Hadees mein Jhoot ki milawat karne wale logon ko na sirf alag-alag kar diya , balke kis Hadees mein Raawi ne apne taraf se kis Lafz ki zayadati ki to uski nisaandahi ki , kahi Sanad ki bahao mein fark aaya to na sirf use waazeh kiya balke Sanad ke Suru , Khatam ya Bich mein Sanad Bikhar ne ki bunyad par Hadees ki alag-alag darzah banaya ,


2- Bid'adti or Bad Aqeedah logon ki Hadees ko alag darzah diya ,


3- Wahmi or Kamzoor Hafizah walon logon ki Hadeeson ko alag darzah diya ,


4- Kahi Raawiyon ke Naam Sar Name upNaam , Kuniyat wala Naam , Baap Dada , ya Ustadon ki Naam ek jaise aa gaye to unke liye alag Usool banaye ,


5- Issi tarah Saheeh Hadees ke Mamle mein bhi darzah bandi ki gayi ,


6- Jaise Lafz par adharit Hadeeson ka ispastikaran kiya gaya ,


7- Raawiyon ki Taddad ki Hisab se Hadeeson ko alag-alag naam diya gaya ,


8- Saheeh Lekin Pahla darzah mein jaise Kalam kiye Gaye Hadeeson ke Baare mein Usool o 
Niyam banayen gaye ,

9- Hadees ke Riwayat karte waqt ,
Aakh baar'na ,
Aar'Baana ,
Naw'Lana ,
Zakar'Lana ,
 

jaise ek Lafz mein ek hi bhag ko Lafz alag-alag halaat o Kaifiyat ke liye khas kiye gaye ,
Ulamaye Hadees ke Ilmi Kosishon ka andaza is baat se lagaya ja sakta hai ke Hadees ke Hifazat ke liye Ulamaye Hadees ne 100-100 se bhi zayada Uloom ki bunyad daali jis par Hazaron Kitaben Likhi ja chuki hai ,

Ba Hawala ,
Sunnat Ka Anusaran ,
Muhammad Iqbal Kilani ,
Page no - 29 ,30 , 31 , 32 ,33 , 34 !!



Allah Ta'ala ki Beshumar rahmaten nazil hun un paak baaz hastiyon par jinhone halat ki sari shitam raniyon ke bawazud ,
 


Hadees e Rasool saw , ki shama ki khatir har jamane ki tez aandhiyon se mehfooz rakhne ka haq aada kiya ,


2- Hadees par Aaithraz ,

Hifaazat e Hadees ke liye Ulamaye Hadees ki jaani , maali or Ilmi Koshison par ek Nazar daalne ke baad hum asal mauzu topic , Inkaar e Hadees ke taraf laut tey hue Munkeren e Hadees ke aaithraz mein se kuch aham aaithraz yeha nakal kar rahe hai ,

a- Jo Hadees aqal ke khilaf ho woh yaqeen karna mumkeen nahi hai ,

b- Jo Hadees Quran ke Khilaf ho woh yaqeen karna mumkeen nahi hai ,

c- Jo Hadees Tarikhi ke waqiye ke khilaf ho woh yaqeen karna mumkeen nahi hai ,

d- Jo Hadees Scientific tazrubein or musahedaad ke khilaf ho woh yaqeen karna mumkeen nahi hai ,

e- Hadees Riwayat karne wale they to bayerhaal Insan hi har shaab dhani ke ba wazood khata ki mumkeen mauzud hai , yani Muhaddisen kiram ki Tahqeeq par poora yaqeen nahi kiya ja sakta ,

f-Jo Hadeeson mein Nange pan ka zikr ho woh yaqeen karna mumkeen nahi hai ,

g- Saheeh Hadeeson ke saath-saath badi taddad mein Dae'efh or Maudhu yani man gadhat 
Hadees is tarah gud mud ho gayi hain ke Muhaddisen ne apni sujh bujh ke mutabik jo Hadeesen Qubool ki woh bhi yaqeen karna mumkee nahi hai ,

h- Hadees ke Imaamon mein se zayada taddad mein Ahl e Farash ke hain jinhone Irani hukumat se milkar Islam ko Nushaan ke liye Sajish ki or an ginat Hadees ghadhi ,


i- Hadeeson ka Sakal jama Rasool e Kareem saw ki paak zindagi ke Do 200 ya Adhaai 250 saal bad hue , yani un par yakeen karna mumkeen nahi ,
Hadeeson par in tamam aaithraz ka waazeh tarike se post martam karna yaha mumkeen nahi yani hum yaha sab se zayada mashoor or aam logon ki zuban par aane wali aaithraz jo ke Hadees ke Sakal Jama ke bare mein hai uska poora jawab tahreer karne par bus karenge , Insha Allah


3 Hadees ka Sakal Jama ,


1- Kaha jata hai ke Hadeeson ka Sakal Jama Rasool saw , ke paaj zindagi ke 200 ya 250 saalon baad us waqt hua jab Imaam Bukhari rh , Imaam Muslim rh , Imaam abu Daood rh , Imaam Nasaai rh , or Imaam Ibne Maazah rh , wagairah ne Hadeesen jama karne ka kaam suru kiya yani Hadees ka Jama kisi tarah bhi yaqeen karna mumkeen nahi ,
Sab se pahle hum yeh galat fahmi dur karna zaruri samajh tein hai ke Rasool saw , ke zindagi mein Likhaai ya Kitab ka Riwaz aam nahi tha or log sirf apne Hafiza par bharosha karte they ,
Yaha hum un Sahaba raz , ka naam de rahe hain jo darbaar e Rishalat ke makami shagird they ,
Rasool saw unse zarurat padh ne par mukhtaleef kawail se talauk Letter ya Rakam ki hisabaat ya Sarkari Hukm ya Deeni Mashail aadi likh wane ka kaam liya karte the ,


2- Har Sahabi raz ka alag Duty jimmedari ka bayan Tareek Historic ke Kitab mein mauzud hai ,

a- Khalid bin Saeed bin al-Aash raz ,
 

b- Mugairah bin Shoba raz ,
 

c- Harish bin Nameer raz ,
 

d- Jahim bin Salath raz ,
 

e- Hujeyfa bin Yamaan raz ,
 

f- Muakeeb bin abi Fatimah raz ,
 

g- Abdullah bin Arkam raz ,
 

h- Aala bin Ukbaa raz ,
 

i- Jubaer bin Aawam ray ,
 

j- Usmaan Gani bin Affhan raz ,
 

k- Muwabiya bin abi Sufyaan raz ,
 

l- Ali bin abi Talib raz ,
 

m- Zaid bin Sabit Ansari raz ,
 

n- Hanjala bin Rabeea raz ,
 

o- Aala bin Hajrami raz ,
 

p- Ibaan bin Shaeed raz ,
 

q- Ubaai bin Kaab raz ,


3- Aahmad e Rishalat ke kuch doosre Sahaba raz , jo Bakaida Rasool saw , ki Khidmat par Tainaat nahi they Lekin Likhna Padhna jaante they woh yeh Hai ,

a- Kaab bin Malik raz ,
 

b- Umer Faruque bin Khattab raz ,
 

c- Fatemah binth e Khattab raz ,
 

d- Abdullah bin Umer raz ,
 

e- Khab'baab bin Asath raz ,
 

f- Saeed bin Zaid raz ,
 

g- Abdullah bin Abbas raz ,
 

h- Anas bin Malik raz ,
 

i- Abdullah bin Ubaai Aaufa raz ,
 

j- Saeed bin Ubaadah raz ,
 

k- Shamrah bin Zundub raz ,
 

l- Abdullah bin Amr bin Aash raz ,
 

m- Jabeer bin Abdullah raz ,
 

n- Abu Hurairah raz ,
 

o- Rafeea bin Khadij raz ,
 

p- Abu Rafeea Mishri raz ,
 

q- Hajab bin abi Baltah raz ,


Rasool ullah saw ke alag-alag Khidmaat ke alawa Sahaba raz , apni apni chahat o marzi ke mutabik Rasoolullah saw , ki Amali o Qauli bhi likhte rahte they , Kuch Sahaba raz , ko khud Nabi saw , ne Hadeesen likhne ki izazat di ,

a- Rafeea bin Khadij raz , farmate hai ke hum ne darbaar e Rishalat mein arz kiya Ya Rasool Allah saw , hum log Aap saw ki zaban mubarak se bohat se baaten sunte hain or unhe likh lete hain , Aap saw ka is baare mein kya irshad hai , Rasoolullah saw ne farmaya likh liya karo is mein koi harz nahi ,


b- Abu Rafeea Mishri raz , ne Nabi saw se Hadeesen likh ne ki izazaat mangi to Aap saw , ne izazaat de di ,


c- Anas raz , riwayat karte hai ke ek aadmi ne sikayat ki ke use Hadees yaad nahi rahti to Nabi 
saw ne farmaya ke apne haath se madad lo yani likh liya karo ,


d- Abdullah bin Amr bin Aash raz , farmate hain main Rasoolullah saw , ki zuban mubarak se jo kuch sunta likh liya karta , take use yaad kar liya karun , Quraish ne mujh se aise karne se mana kiya or kaha ke Muhammad saw , inshan hai kabhi gushe mein bhi baath karte dete hai, or maine likh na chhor diya fir Rasoolullah saw , ke khidmat mein iska zikr kiya to Aap saw , ne farmaya jo kuch mujh se suno zarur likh liya karo , us zaat ki qasam jiske haath mein meri jaan hai meri zuban se haqe ke siwa kuch nahi nikalta ,


e- Zaid bin Sabit raz , ko Rasoolullah saw , ne khas taaur par apni zarurat ke tahat bideshi zuban lafz likh ne or sikhne ka hukm diya tha ,


4- Yeha na likhne wali Hadees yani Quran ke alawa mujh se koi baath na likho ka wazahat karna zaruzi maloom hota hai ,


a- Quran Nuzul ke waqt Rasool saw , Qurani aayat ke alawa unki tafsilaat wazahat mein jo kuch irshad farmate Sahaba raz use ek hi jagah likh liya karte they ,


Ek mauke par Nabi saw , ne puchha yeh kya likh rahe ho ,? 

Sahaba raz ne kaha wahi jo kuch Aap saw , se sunte hain , tab Aap saw ne irshad farmaya kya Allah ke Kitab saath-saath ek or bhi kitab likhi ja rahi hai , Allah ki kitab alag karo or use khalish rakho ,

Rasoolullah saw , ke lafz se yeh baath wazeh ho rahi hai ke Sahaba raz , Qurani aayat or unki tafsilat wazahat yani Hadeesen dono ek jagah likh rahe they jisse Aap saw , ne alag-alag rakhne ka hukm diya na yeh ki Hadeesen likhne ki manahi farmayi ,

Jab Quran poori tarah hifazat kar liya gaya to manahi ka hukm aap se aap khatam ho gaya ,
Is Tafsirat ke baad hum Nabwi saw daur 11 hizri tak mein likhne or sakal jama e Hadees ki mishal pesh kar rahe hain , Yaad rahe ke Rasool saw ki Amali o Qauli ke alawa woh chiz jo Aap saw , ne Khuttut Letter , Hukm o Farman or sharkari Officer Adhikarion ke naam adesh o nasihat ki sakal mein taiyar karwaye woh sab Hadeesen kahlati hai ,


BaHawala ,
Sunnat ka Anusaran ,
Muhammad Iqbaal Kilani ,
Page no:- 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 ,



4- Nabwi saw Daur Mein Sahaba raz ka Daur 110 Hizri Tak Mein Kitabat o Sakal Jama e Hadees ,

1- Kitab us Sadqat ,
 


Abdullah bin Umer raz , farmate hai ke Rasoolullah saw , ne apni zindagi ke akhri dino mein sharkari officer adhikaron ke bhej ne ke liye Kibat us Sadqa Tahreer karwai jis mein janwaron ki zakat ke masail they ,
 

{ Tirmizhi }


2- Sahifa Amr bin Hazam raz ,
 

Rasoolullah saw , ne Yaman ki Gavarnor Arm bin Hazam raz , ko ek Saahifa likhwa kar bijhwaya jis mein Tilawat e Quran , Namaz , Zakat , Talaq , Azad karna , Qissah yani Maqtul ka Badla , Dooth yani Qatl hone wale ka khoon baha , or Faraiz o Sunnat , or Kabeera Gunah ki Tafsil darz thi ,
 


{ Musnad Ahmad , Abu Daood ,
Nasaai , Daru Kutni , Darmi , Hakim }



3- Sahifa Ali bin abi Talib raz ,
Rasoolullah saw ne Ali raz , ko ek Sahifa likhwa kar ata kiya tha jiske baare mein Ali raz , farmate they wallah hamare paas padhne likhne ki koi kitab nahi siwaye Allah ki kitab or is Sahife ke , mujhe yeh Sahifa Rasoolullah saw ne ata farmaya hai is mein Zakat ka masail likhe hain ,
 

{ Musnad Ahmad }


4- Sahifa Wail bin Huzr raz ,
Wail bin Huzr raz , apne watan hazre maut jane lage to Nabi saw , ne unke liye Namaz , Zakat , Nikah , Shood , Sarab wagairah ki masail par Sahifa taiyar karwa kar ata kiya ,
 

{ Tabrani }


5- Sahifa Shaad bid Ubada raz ,
Shaad bin Ubada raz , ne Rasool saw, se Hadeesen sun kar yeh Sahifa Murtab kiya tha ,
 


{ Tirmizi }


6- Sahifa Shamrah bin Zundub raz ,
Shamrah bin Zundub raz , ne yeh Sahifa Rasoolullah saw , ki paak Zindagi mein hi Murtaba farmaya jo baad mein unke Bete Salman raz , ke Hisse mein aaya ,
 

{ Hifazat e Hadees }


7- Sahifa Jabir bin Abdullah raz ,
Jabir bin Abdullah raz , ka Murtaba kiya hua yeh Sahifa Maansik Haiz ki Hadees par mustamil tha ,
 


{ Muslim }


8- Sahifa Anas bin Malik raz ,
Rasoolullah saw ke khas khadim Anas bin Malik raz , ne Rasoolullah saw , se khud Hadeesen suni or likhi fir Rasoolullah saw , ko suna kar unki Tasdeeq bhi karwai ,
 

{ Hakim }


9- Sahifa Abdullah bin Abbash raz ,
 

Abdullah bin Abbash raz , ke paas Hadeeson par mustamil kai kutub thi ,
{ Tirmizi }
Jab Abdullah raz , Maut ho gayi to unke paas se ek Camel oount ki bojh ke barabar kitaben thi ,
 


{ Ibne Shaad }


10- Sahifa Sadiqah ,
 


Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aash raz , ke paas Hadeeson ka bohat bada zakhira bhandhar tha jiske baare mein woh khud farmaya karte the , Sadiqah woh kitab hai jis se maine Rasool saw se seedhe seedhe sunkar likha hai ,
 


{ Darmi }
 


Syed Abu Bakr Gazmawi rh , ki tahqeeq ke mutabik Sahifa Sadiqah mein 5374 se zayada Haseesen thi yaad rahe ke Bukhari o Muslim ki Gair Makroh Hadees ki tadad 4000 se zayada hadees nahi ,
 

{ Kitab at Hadees
Aahad e Nabwi saw mein }



11- Sahifa Umer bin Khattab ,
Is Sahifa mein Sadqat o Zakat ke Hukm Mauzud thi , Imaam Malik rh farmate hain maine Umer raz ki yeh kibab khud padhi thi ,
 


{ Moatta Imaam Malik }


12- Sahifa Usmaan raz ,
Is Sahifa mein Zakat ki Jumla
Maqsad Mauzud thi ,
{ Bukhari }



13- Sahifa Abdullah bin Masood raz ,
 


Abdullah bin Masood raz , ke Bete Abdur Rahman farmaya karte they ke yeh Sahifa unke walid ne apne haath se likha hai ,
 

{ Aaina e Parweziyat }


14- Musnad Abu Hurairah raz ,
 


Unke Nuskeh Sahaba ke Daur hi mein likhe gaye uski ek nakal Umer bin Abdul Azeez rh , ke walid Abdul Azeez bin Marwan rh ,
ke paas mauzud thi ,
Marwan Mishr Maut 86 hizri ,
 


{ Bukhari }


15- Khutba Fathe Makkah ,
 


Ek Yamani basinda abu Shah ki request binti par Rasoolullah saw , ne poora Khutba karane ka hukm diya ,
 


{ Bukhari }


16- Riwayat Aaisha Siddiqa raz ,
Aaisha Siddiqa RaziAllahu Anhuma , ke riwayat unke Shagird Urwah bin Zuber raz ne likhi ,
 


{ Dibacha Intekhab e Hadees }


17- Sahifa Saheeha ,
 


Yeh Sahifa Abu Hurairah raz , ne Murtab karke apni Shagird Hammam bin Mubrah rh , ke Ilma Karaya us mein 138 Hadeeesen hain jiska zayada tar taluk Aqlah se hai yeh Sahifa Hind o Paak mein Saye publicity ho chuka hai ,
 


Yaad rahe Abu Hurairah raz ki Umr 59 hizri mein hui hai jiska matlab hai ke yeh Anmol tareeki Kitab sahaba raz ke daur ki sab accha yaad gaar hai ,
Is Sahifa ka ek Nuskah jo chatti sadi mein likha gaya tha Muhaqeen Doctor Hamidullah sahab Prorish ne Damishk ke maktaba zahiriyah se maloom kiya,
 


Jabke is Sahifa ka doosra Nuksha 12wi sadi mein likha gaya tha Mausuf hi ne Barlin Library se maloom kiya dono kalmi Nuskhon ka mukabla karne par maloom hua ke dono Nuskhon ki tamam Hadeesen mein koi fark nahi ,
 


Sahifa Saheeha jisse Sahifa Humman bin Murwah bhi kaha jata hai , ke tamam Hadeeson ne sirf Musnad Ahmad mein likhai mauzud hai ,
Balke tamam Ahadees Kutub e Sitta mein Abu Hurairah raz , ke hawale se milti hai Mano Sahifa Saheeha is baat ka khula subot hai ke Hadeesen Ahad e Nabwi saw , or Ahad e Sahaba raz , mein likhi jati thi or Sahifa ki tamam Hadeeson ka Musnad Ahmad or Kutub e Sitta ki doosri Kitabon mein usi tarah ek hi jaise Lafz ke saath mauzud hona Hadeeson ki sehat ka bohat bada subot hai ,




18- Sahifa Baseer bin Nahiq rh ,
 


Abu Hurairah raz , ke ek doosre shagird Baseer bin Nahiq rh , ne Murtab kiya or Abu Hurairah raz , ko suna kar uski tasdik karai ,
 


{ Abdul Ibn e Bar,Jame Bayan ul Ilm }


19- Maktubaat e Naafe rh ,
 


Maktubaat e Abdullah bin Umer raz , ne Ilma karwaya or Naafe rh ne likha,
 

{ Darmi }


20- Kuttut o Wasaeef ,
 


Hadeeson ki Baqaida Kitabi Jakhiron ke alawa Aap saw ki thareer karwaye hue Kuttut o Wasaeef ki tadad Saikaddo mein hai jis mein kuch ek misal yeh hai ,


A- Dastori Muahedah ,
 


Hizrat ke baad Madina Munawara mein Islami Siyasat ki bunyad rakhte hi Aap saw , ne Muslim or Gair Muslim ko Adhikar Huquq o Kartabyh Jimmedari ke taluk se 53 dharao ka ek dashtori Muahidah taay kiya jis se tahreer karwaya gaya ,
 

{ Ibn e Hisham }


B- Sulah Hudahbya ke baad Rasooullah saw , ne Qaisar o Qishra Mukukash or Najashi ke alawa Bahren, Oman , Damishk , Yaman , Najd , Dimtul Jundub or Qabila Hamir ke Hakimon ko Daw'ati Kuttut bijhwaye ,
 


{ Rasoolullah saw ki Siyasi Zindagi }


C- Ek lashkar ko jang par rawana farmayte hue Rasoolullah saw , ne lashkar ke sardar ko ek Khat likhwa kar diya or farmaya falah jagah par pahonch ne se pahle is na padha jaye is Jagah par pahonch kar lashkar ke sadrdar ne khat khola or logon ko Rasoolullah saw ka hukm padh kar sunaya ,
 


{ Bukhari }


D- Dauran e Hizrat Suraka bin Malik ko parwana Aman likhwaya gaya ,
 

{ Ibne Hisham }


E- Apne Gulam Rafeea raz , or Alai raz ko azad karte waqt tahreeri parwana azadi ata farmaya ,
 


{ Mukaddama Sahifa Saheeha , Musnad Ahmad }


F- 2 Hizri mein Qabila bin Zamrah ,
 


5 Hizri mein Faraza or bani Gitfhan ,
 


6 Hizri mein Quraish e Makkah ,
 


9 Hizri mein Aqedar bani Abdul Malik se Tahreeri Muahidah taay kaiya gaya ,
 


{ Tabranhi , Ibne Shad ,
Ibne Hisham , al-Shaik }



G- Yahood e Khaybar ko ek Sahabi ko Qatl karne par Dooth ada karne ja tahreeri hukm jari farmaya ,
 


{ Bukhari o Muslim }


H- Gavarnor Yaman Muaz raz , ko ladke ki wafat par tahreeri taziyat naama irshal farmaya ,
 

{ Mustadrak Hakim }


I- Yamama raz , ko Ahle Makkah ke liye Gallah na rokhne ki tahreeri hidayat jari farmai ,
 

{ Fath ul Baari }


J- Bilal bin Harish Mazme raz , ko jabal Kadash ke Damaan mein Jagah dene ke liye tahreeri hukm naana jari farmaya ,
 

{ Abu Daood }


K- Alag-Alag Qabail ke naama Dooth ke marail likhwa kar bijhwaya ,
 


{ Muslim }


5 - Tabai ke Daur 181 Hizri Tak Mein Hadeesen Likhna o Sakal Jama ,

Tabai ke daur mein Hadees ke Imaamon ki ek aisi Jamaat taiyar ho gayi jis ne Ahad e Nabwi saw or Ahad e Sahaba raz mein likhi or jama ki gayi Hadeeson ke saath-saath doosri Hadeesen bhi samil karke Hadeeson ki bohat bada Bhandhar taiyar kar diya ,
Is Daur ke kuch tahreeri Kawisho ki kuch misal yeh hai ,


1- Urwah raz ne Gazwat Jang ke baare mein Hadeeson ka Bhandhar Martabah kiya ,
{ Tahzib ut Tahzeeb , Jild 7 }



2- Taaus rh ne Dooth ke baare mein Haseesen Jama ki ,
{ Bahqi }



3- Khalid bin Madhan al-Kalaai rh , ne Bohat sari alag-alag Haseesen Jama ki,
{ Tazkerat ul Huffaz , Jild 1 }



4- Wahab bin Munabba raz , ne Jaber bin Abdullah ki Riwayaton ka majbua taiyar kiya ,
{ Tahzib ut Tahzeeb }



5- Salman rh , Lashkari ne bhi Jabir bin Abdullah ki Hadeeson ka ek Bhandhar taiyar kiya ,
{ Tahzib ut Tahzeeb }



6- Abu Zaznaad rh ne apne ustad se halal o haram ke mutallik tamam Hadeesen taiyar ki ,
{ Abdul Ibne Bar ,
Jame Bayan ul Ilm , Jild 1 }



7- Imaam Malik bin Anas rh , ne Hasees Sharif ka Mustaanad Bhandhar Moatta Imaam Malik ke Naam se Murtab kiya jise Hadees ke Kitab mein Bunyadi makam hasil hai ,


8- Muhammad bin Muslim bin Shahab Johri rh , ne Shagirdana mein Sunnan o Aashaar Sahaba raz Darz ki ,
{ Abdul Ibne Bar ,
Jame Bayan ul Ilm , Jild 1 }



9- Umer bin Abdul Aziz rh , ne apne khilafat ke daur " Safar 99 Hizri se Rajab 101 Hizri " mein Hadees ki shakal Jama ke liye Hukumati satah par taiyari ki , Is maksad ke liye Islamic Desh ke tamam Mahir Muhaddisen ko Hadeeson ko Jama o Sakal ka Hukm zari kiya , Jis ke Natize mein Haseeson ki bohat se Bhandhar Rajdhani Capital Damiskh mein pahochaya gaye ,
Un Bhandhar ki Tahqeeq o Tarteb Mashur Tabaai or Mashur Muhaddis Muhammad bin Sahab Johri rh ,
Maut 124 Hizri ,
ne ki or unke nakal copy Islamic Desh ke kone-kone mein faila di gayi ,


Is jamane mein Hadees ke Jama par kaam karne wale Doosre Muhaddisen ke Naam yeh hai ,


A- Abdul Aziz bin Johri al-Basri rh , Makkah Mukarrama mein rahte they ,
maut 150 hizri mein hue hai ,



B- Muhammad bin Ishaq rh ,
Madina Mubbarak mein rahte they ,
maut 151 hizri mein hue hai ,



C- Saeed bin Rashid rh ,
Yaman mein rahte they ,
maut 153 hizri mein hue hai ,



D- Saeed bin Urwah rh ,
Bashra mein rahte they ,
maut 156 hizri mein hue hai ,



E- Abdur Rahman bin Amr Auzae rh ,
Sham mein rahte they ,
maut 157 mein hue hai ,



F- Muhammad bin Abdur Rahman rh ,
Madina Mubbarak mein rahte the ,
maut 158 hizri mein hue hai ,



G- Rabeea bin Sabib rh ,
Bashra mein rahte the ,
maut 160 hizri mein hue hai ,



H- Sufyan as-Suri rh ,
Khufa mein rahte they ,
maut 161 hizri mein hue hai ,



I- Jamaad bin abi Salma rh ,
Bashra mein rahte they ,
maut 167 hizri mein hue hai ,



J- Malik bin Anas rh ,
Madina Munawara mein rahte they ,
maut 179 hizri mein hue hai ,



K- Imaam Shabi rh , Imaam Johri rh ,
Imaam Makhul rh , or Kazi Abu Bakr Hajmi rh , ki Mahth Purn Kitaben Tabaai ke Daur hi ki yaadgar hai ,
 


{ Hifazat e Hadees }


L- Jameya Sufyan as-Suri rh ,
Jameya Ibnul Mubbarak rh ,
Jameya Imaam Auzaai rh ,
Jameya Ibne Zahir rh ,
Musnad Abu Hanifa rh ,
Kitab ul Khiraz Kazi Abu Yusuf rh ,
Kitab ul Aashar Imaam Muhammad Jauzi rh , jaise unchi choti ki Kitaben isi Daur mein likhi gayi ,
 


{Aaina e Parweziyat , Jild 4 }


6- Taabai Ke Daur Ke Baad ,
Taabai rh ke daur 181 hizri mein Hadees shakal Jama ki in koshish ke baad yeh kaam itna tezi se hua ke Tishri 3sri sadi mein sirf Musnad ke tarz par Murtab ki gayi Kitabon ki tadad 100 - 100 Se zayada hai , isi mubbarak daur mein Hadees Sharif ki sabse zayada pyare or Kitaben
Saheeh Bukhari ,
Saheeh Muslim ,
Sunnan Abu Dawood ,
Jamme Tirmizi ,
Sunnan Nasaai ,
Sunnan Ibne Maazah ,
Sunnan Darmi , murtab ki gayi ,



Uper likhe hue bayan ko dekhte hue Hum poore Yaken se yeh kah sakte hai ke ,
Pahla - Hadeesen Saheeha ka Galib taren hissa Rasoolullah saw ke paak zindagi mein likha ja chuka tha ,


Doosra - Chuke Ahad e Nabwi saw , or Ahad e Sahaba raz ka tamam tahreeri sharmaya Taabaen rh ki Murtab ki gayi Kitabon mein mauzud hai , Matlab Hadees likhne or Hadees Jama ki kosish mein Ahad e Nabwi saw se lekar aaj tak kahi bhi rukawat paida nahi hue ,


Tishra - Hadees e Saheeha ka jo Bhandhar aaj hamare paas mauzud hai woh Yakeenan thik-thik waisa hi ek mahfoz or mazbut zanzeer ki jodi kadiyan ke jariye Rasoolullah saw , ki zindagi se baad mein aane wali naslon mein Muntaqel hua Hai ,


Is Artical ko padhne wale Millat e Islamiya ke Bhaiyon o Baheno ,
Andaza lagayen ke Rasool e Kareem Sallallahu Aalayhe Wasallam , ke 200 ya 250 saal baad Hadees ke shakal Jama ka Fitna failana or man ghadat hai ,


Asal mein Hadees ke khilaf is saari shararat ka Asal maksad inhe aaithraz ke parde mein Muslim shamaj ko Kitab o Sunnat ki pawandagi se azad karna or Magrib West ki Nangi azad tahzeeb ko Musalmano par thopna hai ,


Jis mein Munkeeren e Hadees INSHA ALLAH Kabhi bhi kaamyab nahi ho sakenge ,
APNI MILLAT PAR QAYASH
AANKAWAMI MAGRIB SE NA KAR ,
KHAS HAI TARKEB MEIN QAUM
RASOOLULLAH HAI HASHMI ,¡¡¡




Allah se Du'a Hai ke Hum ko Ghar walon ko Aap logon ko or Sare Musalmano ko Quran o Sunnat ko Sahaba ke Manhaj par amal karne wala fir Daw'at Denewala banaye,
Ameen Ya Rabbil Aalameen ,




Posted By-Abdur Rahim Shah
aana.ahlehadees.7@facebook.com