Al Tamur Traders

Sunday, January 15, 2012

FIQHI DANGAL(AKHAADA)

Bismillahirrahmanirraheem



FIQHI DANGAL(AKHAADA)



Mashoor to yah ho raha hai ke hanafi mazhab ke fuqaha kiraam ne deen ko bilkul aasaan kar diya hai,

quran wa hadith se masail nikaalne bahut mushkil hain lekin hanafi mazhab ki fiqhi kitabon par insaan be'khatak amal kar sakta hai, fiqah hanafi quran wa hadith ka nichhod wa khulasa hai, bilkul saral aur har tarah se aasaan aur qaabil e amal hai,

yah bhi farmaya jaata hai ke fiqah hanafi ki tarteeb hz imam abu hanifa rh ki nigraani me 40 ulema wa fuqaha ki committe ne ki hai, muqallid ahnaaf us 40 ki committee ka zikr bade zor shor ke saath karte hain, aur dusre maslak wa makatib fikr par hanfi mazhab ki afzaliyat wa ahmiyat saabit karne ke liye bhi us committee ka zikr khair kiya jaata hai ,


magar jab kutub fiqah hanafiya ka mutaalbah kiya jaata hai to in tamaam baaton ki haqiqat waajeh ho jaati hai, aur yah baat maalum hoti hai ke hz imam abu Hanifa rh aur inke shaargird ke darmiyaan beshtar masail me ikhtelaaf hai, ek baat ustaad muhtaram ke nazdeek durust hai wahi baat ek shaargird ke nazdeek ghalat , kisi ke nazdeek sunnat hai to kisi dursre ke nazdeek makrooh,

aisa malum hota hai hz imam abu hanifa rh ke shaargirdaraan muqallid nahi they balke wah sabke sab pakke aur ek number ke gair muqallid they,

chand masail ba'taur namoona pesh khidmat hai,



1- "wazu me chehra ka dhona sar(head) ke saamne ki taraf us jagah se jahan se baal ugta hai,udahar kaan tak FARZ hai"

(imam abu hanifa, imam muhammad wa aksar mashaikh hanafiya)

a)- wazu me chehra aur deegar aa'za ko paani se tar kare aur paani na bahaaye to jayez hai

(imam abu yousuf, sharah wiqaaya jild 1 page 33,34 matbua saadiq book depot jama masjid delhi)



2- "dono haathon aur paaon ko kuhni aur takhno samet dhona farz hai"

(imam abu hanifa)


a)- kuhni wa takhna wazu me dhona Farz nahi

(imam abu yousuf, sharah wiqaya jild 1 page 34)



3- "daarhi(BEARD) ke ek chouthaai(1/4) hissa ka masah farz hai"

(imam abu hanifa)


a)- poori daarhi ka masah farz hai

(imam abu yousuf, sharah wiqaaya jild 1 page 39)



4- " mubaasharat faahsha se wazu toot jaata hai"

(imam abu hanifa, abu yousuf)


a)- mubaasharat se wuzu nahi toot'ta

(imam muhammad, sharah wiqaaya jild 1 page 57)



5- wuzu karte waqt jo paani aa'zaa se lag kar girta hai uske baare me mulaheza farmayen

a)- wah paani nijaasat ghaleeza hai (imam abu hanifa)

b)- wah paani nijaasat khafeefa hai (imam abu yousuf)

c)- wah paani khud paak hai magar dusron ko paak nahi karta (imam muhammad)

(sharah wiqaaya jild 1 page 71)



6- " mitti, pathar, ret, sona(gold) chaandi, jin me mitti mili huwi ho, gehon(wheat) aur jo agar ghubaar aalood ho to in par tayammum jayez hai"

(imam abu hanifa, imam muhammad)

a)- mitti aur ret Ke elaawa kisi aur cheez se tayammum jayez nahi

(imam abu yousuf, sharah wiqaaya jild 1 page 82)


7- " namaz me 6 cheezen farz hain, taqbeer tahreema, qir'at, ruku, sujood, aakhir ka qaayeda, aur tashhud ki miqdaar"

(aam hanafi fuqaha)

a)- baaz ne ruku, wa sujood ko ek cheez shumar kiya hai aur salaam wagerah ke saath namaz se nikalne ko 6ti cheez shumaar kiya hai

(baaz hanafi fuqaha)

b)- lekin yah imam abu hanifa hi ke nazdeeq farz hai isi par fatawa hai

c)- imam muhammad aur imam abu yousuf ke nazdeek farz nahi

(ashraaq noori tarjuma urdu karori page no 19,baab siftul salaat matbua maktaba thanowi deoband)



8- " haiza aurat ke liye qur'an majeed ka tilawat karna jayez hai"

(imam abu hanifa)

a)- muallama aurat agar haiza ho jaaye to ek ek lafz karke padhaaye aur har do lafzon ke darmiyaan(saans rok kar) waqfa kare (imam karkhi)

b)- nifs aayat padha kar waqf kare fir aakhir nifs aayat Padhaawe (imam tahawi)

c)- jumbi, haiza, aur muhaddis(be wazu) qur'aan majeed ki kitabiyat usi tarah kar sakte hain, kaagaz kisi takhti par rakha huwa ho, likhe huwe ko haath na lagaaye (imam abu yousuf)

d)- jayez nahi ( imam muhammad)

(sharah wiqaaya jild 1 page 132)



9- "namaz e asar ka waqt do misl saaya hone ke baad shuru hota hai"

(imam abu hanifa)


a)- namaz asar ka waqt ek misl ke baad shuru ho jaata hai (imam yousuf ,imam muhammad)

(sharah wiqaaya jild 1 page 146)



ALLAH HAMEN HAQ BAAT SAMJHNE AUR AMAL KARNE KI TAUFEEQ DE.........AMEEN