Al Tamur Traders

Monday, March 17, 2014

SEENE PAR HAATH BAANDHNE WALI HADITH PAR AITRAAZ KA JAWAAB-(PART-4)





Bismillahirrahm anirraheem


*Ahnaf Apne Dawe k Mutabik Aaj tak Ek v Sahi hadees Na pess kar sake Naaf k Neche hanth bandne waale Hadees Aur Na Apne Aurto k Seene per Hanth Bandne waale koi v ek Hadees pess Na kar sake Ahnaf (Hanfi)...


Mere Dawe k Mutabik Hazrat Wali bin Huzr r.a ki hadees Nakal karda Muhaddiso ne Sahi karar tharaya hai jo SAHI IBN KHUZAIMA JILD-1 , SAFA-243 , HADEES NO-479 me hai...


Ahanaf Humare es Sahi hadees ko Zaif Sabit tou Nahi kar sake Ulta Hazrat Wail bin Huzr ko he Gawar,Dehati,An
pad bolne lage Aur Qayas kar k Hadees k radd karne lage.. (eske v Dallil dunga)

Mere bhaio ye Muqallid (jahil) Aaj tak tou teak dung se Tahkek na kar sake kisi v baat k kuki Inhe k Alimo k Sekh hai Muqallid jahil hota hai.. Wo Na tahkek kar sakta hai Aur Na kisi ko tahkek karne ko kah sakta hai. mulaiza ho....


Maulana mehmood ul hasan hanfi kehte hain k:

-
humto muqallid hai jo hamare fiqah main hai uspe amal karna hum per wajib hai-
( Taqreer-e-Trimi
zi P.36 )
Maulana amir usmani hanfi kehte hain k:
-
muqallid k lie Quraan o Hadees k hawalo ki zarorat nahi bal-k ayimma o fuqaha k faislo or fatwo ki zarorat hai-
( Mahanama Tajalli Deoband J.19
Shumara.11 12
P.36 37
Babat Maah January Feburary 1968 )
-
Hanfio ka ek or ghatia usool ye bhi hai k:
-
agar hadees fiqah k mawafiq hoto hadees per amal karna lazim hai lekin agar hadees or fiqah ki baat apas main takraye to fiqah ki baat per amal karna afzal hai-
( Usool-e-Shaashi
P.72 )
Usool-E-Shaashi
barelvio deobandio yani hanfio ki musallam kitaab hai
Or apne parh bhi lia hai k fiqah main kesi kesi baaten likhi hain
Ye kuch dalayil the jinse baqol hanfi akabireen k ye sabit hota hai k hanfi apne fiqah main likhi hui baaton ko manne k paband hain
Ese kayi or dalayil ka anbaar hanfi kutub main mojud hai agar main un sabko likhne bethun to baat buhat lambi hojayegi
Lekin main itne per he iktefa karta hun, khair May Apne Mouzu per Aata hu....

*waail bin hajar rz se riwayat hai k maine rasul saw ke sath namaz padhi to aap saw ne apna daaya hath mubarak apne baaye hath mubarak k upar seene mubarak par rkha''


(Sahih Ibn Khuzaima, j. 1, page 243)


**Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al per Aytraz k jawab :


*Mohammad bin Naser Marwazi r.al kahte hai k jis Rewayat k Bayan kerne me Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al Munferd ho us Rewayat per Toukuf lazim hai.


Jawab:


Ali Sadra k Alfaz Nakal karne me Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al Munferd Nahi Kuki Jo Alfaz Mohtaram Sufyan Sauri r.al se Mohtaram yahiya bin Sa'id Al katan r.al Mohtaram Halb Tahi r.a se marwi Rewayat me Nakal karte hai wahi Alfaz Mohtaram Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al Mohtaram Sufyan Sauri r.al se Mohtaram Wail bin huze r.al se Marwi rewayat me Nakal karte hai Lehaza Sabit hua k ''Ali Sadra'' k Alfaz Nakal karne me Mozuf Munferd Nahi hai Lehaza Aytraz Batil hai.


Es Bahas se ye Wajeh hua k Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al ki Serf Qoul yaddast per Kala'am hai, yaad Rahe k Es Kism k Rawi ki Rewayat fi-nafsih-e-Has
an Darz ki hue hai leken es Kism ki Rewayat us Waqt Sahi k Darza hasil kar lete hai jab koi Dusre Rawayat us ki Sahid (gawahi) ho jaisa k Allama Ibn Salah farmate hai :

''Jis Hadees k rawi Hafiza w etekaal me kamzor ho mager us k Suma'ar Muhaddiso ne Us Giroh se hota ho jo Sadk wa Satr k wasf se Maruf ho us kism ki Hadees Ager kisi dusre Tareke se v Marwi ho tou us Hadees ko Tarfen se Kuwat hasel ho jayege Es tarah ye Hadees Hasan k Darze se Buland ho ker Sahi k Darza hasil ker le ge.''


[Mukadma Ibn Al salah , safa-71]


Es hakikat ko Imam Al-Seuti Katri r.al Nakal se Bayan karte hai :


''Jis Hadees k Rawi Hafiza wa Sabta me Ala Darza k rewayat se kam ho leken wo Sadk wa Satr k wasf se Mashur ho tou us Rawi ki Marwiya'at ko Hasan Tasleem keya Gaya hai, Ager wo Hadees kisi Dusre Tareke ki Marwiye ho Agerche Dusra Tareka ek he ho tou Ayse Hadees Mutabeht ki wajah se Kawi ho jayege Aur hum us k So'e Hafiza ki wajah se jis Chiz se Darte the Wo Zael ho jaye gee Us Tarah wo Mamuli kami Puri ho jayege Aur hadees Hasan k Darze Buland Hoker Sahi k Darza Hasel ker le ge Jaisa k Abi bin Abbas Nabi Akram Sallahu alaihe wasallam k ghore k Awzaf se Mutalik rewayat karte hai Abi r.al k So'a Hafiza ki Wajah se Unhe Imam Ahmed r.al,Imam Ibn Mo'in r.al Aur Imam Nishai r.al ne Zaif karar deya hai , leken uske ye rewayat Hasan hai , es Rewayat me Chunke uske Bhai Abul-Mahemn r.al ne us ki Mutabehat ki hai Es leye us ki ye Hasan Reayat Sahi k Darza Hasel ker Chuke hai ''


[Takreb Al-Nawawi ma ter'reb Al Rawi ,safa-57]


Darze Bala Bayanat se ye Wajeh hua k Wo Rewayat jis k Rewayat me se koi rawi Kamzor Hafiza rakhta ho leken wo Sadk wa Satr k wasf se Mashur ho us ki rewayat fi-nafsih-e-Has
an hoge Aur Ager koi Dusra Rewayat uske Muabeh ya sahad ho tou fer ayse Rewayat Sahi kahlayege, Es Usool ki Rousne me ye kahana k Sahi Ibn Kuzaima ki zer-mutalah Hadees sahi hai hakekat ki Akse hai.

Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al se Marwi Rewayat ko Darz -e-Zaer Maher-e-Fan ne Sahi ya Hasan Taslem keya hai.


1-Imam Bosre r.al Faramate hai.


''Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al ki Wajah se ye Hasan hai''


[Musbah Al-Zarah, jild-2,Safa-130
]

2-Imam Hakim ne Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al se Marwi Hadees ko Imam Muslim r.al ki Sart k Mutabik Karar Deya hai.


[Mster'ak Hakim kitab Al Zanaiz, jild-1,safa-534
]

Imam Zaibe r.al ne Talkesh me Imam Hakim r.al ki tahseh se Ittefak keya hai.


3-Hafiz Ibn Hazar r.al ne Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al se marwi Rewayat ko Hasan Tasleem keya hai.


[Talkesh Al-Zarrah,jild-
2,Safa-154]

4-Allama Al-haismi r.al ne Mazmua Al-Zuwaid me Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al ko Sekah Tasleem keya hai.


[Mazmua Al Zauzi,jild-2,sa
ga-201]

5-Ibn Said Al Nash r.al ne Mo’mal bin Isma’eel r.al ki ese Rewayat ko Sahi Tasleem keya.


[Makhtut sareh tirmizi jild-2,safa-211
]

**Matan Hadees per Aytraz k jawab**


Moulwi Mohammas Hanif Gangoi es Rewayat per Bahas karte hue lekhte hai.


Eske Matan me v Astra'ab hai Ibn khuzaima ne Ali Sadra Rewayat keya hai aur Hafiz Al-bazr ne An Sadra (kama kal al-hafiza fi Al-fatah) Aur Ibn Abe Saiba ne tahat Alsarat


[Gaya'Altayalis
ya , jidl-3,Safa-41]

jawab:


Es rewayat me Astra'ab hai ya Nahi ? Es Sawal k Jawab janne se pahle Mastra'ab Hadees ki Tareef se Agah Jaruri hai.


''Mastra'ab Rewayat wo hai jo Mukhtalif Alfaz se Marwi ho Ek Rawi 2 ya jayada Martaba Ma'tasa'ad Alfaz Estemal kare, 2 ya 2 se jayada rewa baham Ekhtelaf kare baye sart k wo Imam Nauwi k Alfaz me Mutakarab,Ibn Salah k Alfaz me Maswi Aur Ibn jama k Alfaz me Mutakwm yaani dou Aur mim k sath ho, yaani un me se kisi ko tarzih hasil na ho Ager 2 ya 2 se jayada rewayat me se kisi ek rewayat ko us k rawi k Qoul hafiza ya apne Shaikh k sath kasrat Talimza hone ki Wajah se Tarzih hasil ho ya Degar Asbab ki Wajah se Tarzih hasil ho tou Rajeh ko Sarf kabuleyat k HUKM hasil hoga Aur Wo Hadees her-gez Masta'ab Na hoge Na Rajeh jaisa k Jaher hai Aur na Marzuh Mastra'ab hoge Balke wo Sa'ad ya Munker hoge''


[Takreb Al Nauwi mah sareh tarrib al rawi , safa-93]


yaani ek Rawi Apne Usta'ad se kavi kuch Alfaz Bayan kare Aur Kavi un se Mukhtalif Alfaz Estema'al kare ya Ek Shaikh k Matad'dala maz'abaham mtzad Alfaz Bayan kare tou Ayse Rewayat us Waqt Mstra'ab kahlaye ge jab unme koi Tarzih ki surat na ho, Tarzih ki Surat 3 darz Zel hai.


1-Un talamza me se koi ek Sagerd Mazbut taren Hafiza k Maher ho.

2-Unme se koi Sagerd Apne Ustad ki Sohbat me Arsaa Daraztak raha ho.
3-Ek se jayas Talamza ek Jaise Alfaz bayan kare Jabke Ek Adha un se Mukhtalif Alfaz Estema'al kare.

Aaye ! Es taref ki rousne me rousne me jer-e-Mutala Rwayat k Mukhtalif k jaija le.


Hazrat Wail bin huzr r.a se Marwi hadees Musnnef Ibn Abi Saiba k Msaddak naskh me wajeh aledain k mahl ki tayen k bagair mankul hai,Es rewayat k Akher me ''Taht Alsarat'' ki yade k Enkasa'af sabse pahle Kasim bin Kalut baga Hanfi r.al ne Takhrez Hadees Alakteyar me keya Aur kaha k es ki Sanad jaid hai, unse pahle Mutadad Ulama Ahnaf (Ibn Alhamam Hanfi r.al,Ulama Ayne hanfi r.al,Ibn Amer Alhazaz Hanfi r.al,Ibraheem halbi Hanfi r.al Aur Sahab Albahru Hanfi r.al) ne Hanfi Maslak ki Tarzumani karte hue us Masla per mutada Zaif Ahadees wa Asaar Nakal keye Mager unme se kisi Ek ne v Us Hadees ko Batour estada'ad ya Batour Hujjat pess Nahi keya halake un Hazrat ki Musannif Ibn Abi Saiba per Gahri Nazar the Ager us Waqt tak Musannif Ibn Abi Saiba me ye rewayat un Alfazi ki Jayate k sath Mouzud hue the tou hazrat Us Hadees ko Apne Maslak ki tayed me Jarur pess karte, un Harzrat k us Hadees ki taraf Adm Altafa'at us hakikat k khula Aitaraaf hai k Us Waqt tak Musannif Ibn Abi saiba kisi Nakal ki Gaflat ya Maslak tahsab ki veet nahi chadhe the , Baad me kisi Kitab ki Galti se Hadees wa Sar-baham Kalat-Malat ho gaye ya Gair-mari Hantho k tahrer Sa'ak-saani ki Karamat ne Un Alfaz ko Janam deya Aur Aysa he koi Nusk Kasim bin Kutlu baga k zer e Mutala raha, kutub se ye Tasamah bayed Nahi kuki Marfi Hadees k Mutasal Baad Ibraheem Nakhi k Asra Mouzud hai jis k Akher me taht Alsart k Alfaz hai. Es hakikat k Aytraaf Ulma hayat Sendhe hanfi r.al un Alfazo me karte hai.


''Es Hadees ko Imam Ibn Abi Saiba r.al ne rewayat keya hai Aur us k Baad Ibraheem k Asra Nakal keya hai un dono k suru k Alfaz takreban ek jaise hai leken Asra k Akher me lafz tahat Alsarat Mouzud hai, Musannif Ibn Abi saiba k Maktute kai hai kisi Mkhtut me Mahal wajeh k Mutalek jekr Nahi Aur us me Ibraheem Nakhai r.al k Asre ma Alfaz tahat Alsarrat mouzud hai Aur kisi Maktut me Marfu hadees k Akher me Algaz tahat Alsart Mouzud hai Mager us me Ibraheem r.al k Asra Gaib hai''


[Dartfi Athargash nakra asrt]


Es tafseel se ye Wajeh hua k Marfu hadees k Akher ''Tahat Alsara'at'' k Ejafa Gair Mahfuz hai Es leye Un Alfaz ko Batur tarz pess karna Durust Nahi.

Jaha tak Ibn Khuzaima Aur Musnad Albazr me ''Ali Sadra'' Aur ''Aan Sadra'' k Ekhtelaf ki Baat hai tou ye koi Aysa Ekhtelaf Nahi jis ki Wajah se jeer Bahas Hadees ko Mustarb kah ker Masta'ad kar deya jaye kuki es kism k lafzi Ekhtelaf Ahnaf ki Namur kitab me v Mouzud hai, Batour Namuna ek Mukam Pess e khidmat hai.

''Aurat Aur hizra (na-mard) hanthele ko hanthele per rakh ker Unhe Pust k Neche rakh le Aur Maae k baaz Nuske me hai k Pustaan k uper rakhe, Halea me hai k behter ye hai k ye kaha jaye k Sene per rakhe jaisa k jam gafeer k Qoul hai kuki jab Seene per Hanth honge tou Kalaye k kouch Hissa lazem pustaan per hoga.''


[Rad Al Mukhtaar Ali Al rad Al Mukhtaar jild-2,Safa-188
]

Wajeh rahe k ''Maae '' k Nuskho k lafzi Ekhtalaf ko jis tarah Allama Ibn Abden r.al ne hal keya hai Use tarah ''Ali sadra'' Aur ''And Sadra'' k Lafzi Ekhtelaf ko v hal keya ja sakta hai yaani ye kaha jaye k Hanth Seene k Us Hisse per Rakhe jo fam Madda k Sath Mela hua hai us Tarah Kalaiyo k Bahas hissa Yakenan Seene k Nazdek hoga Aur Baaz hissa Seene k Uper Hoga.


Aytraz No-2 :


Moulwi Abdul Aziz Deobandi Aur Moulwi Mohammad Hanif Gangoi ne es Hadees per ye Aytraz v keya hai k Seene per Hanth rakhne ki Mamaneyat Hadees me Mouzud hai.


jawab:


Es Selsele me Ulma Ahnaf Bagair Sanad k Ek Rewayat Nakal karte hai ,kuch Hazraat Bagair Hawala k Nakal Karte hai Air Baaz ne ye Rewayat Hafiz Ibn Kyum r.al k Hawala se Nakal ki hai,Yaad rahe k Hafiz Ibn kyum r.al v Es Rewayat ko Bagair Sanad k Nakal keya hai, Es rewayat k Alfaz Darz jeel hai.


''Rawi An AlNabi Sallahu Alaihe wasallam Anh Nahi An AlTakfeer''


Rakm ne Es Hadees k Makz Aur Sanad Talash karne ki besumaar kosis ki Mager Tahal k Mayabi Nahi ho sakai Es leye Es Rewayat ki Estenaad Haiseyat pe kuch Arz karbe se Kaseer ho, Albatta Ulma Ahnaaf r.al Aur Uma Ibn Kyum r.al ne Lafz ''Takfeer'' ko jis maine se Irshad keya hai wo Mahal Nazar hai Yaani wo farmate hai''AlTakfeer wa howa wazeh Al yad Ali Sadra'' takfeer se Muraad Seene per Hanth Rakna hai jabke us Alfaz k Mukammal Maine Seene per ek Hanth Rakh ker Gairullah ke leye Tazeem Jukna hai , jaisa k lugat ki kitabo me mouzud hai.


''Wo apna Hanth Seene per rakh ker us Tarah juk k ise Apna Sir Necha ker leya''


[Almajed]


''kaffarlah : kash ban yasha yadha Ali Sadra waeTatneast''


''kalu kou Tazimala'' [Almoazm Alwasait]


tarjuma :


Usne Apne Aka ki Tazem karte hue Apne Hanth ko apne Seene per Rakh ker Apne Sir ko ruku ki Mesaal us k Samne Kam kar deya''


Ese tarah Fakah Allisaan me hai jiska Tarjuma hai.


''Takfer Ahal kitab se Muraad hai k unme se koi Apne Aka k samne Apna Sir Ayse jukaye jaise Humare Nazdek ek Dusre ko Salam karna Jaruri hai jabke Takfer se muraad ye hai k wo apna ek hanth ya dono hanth seene per rakh ker aysa kare , ho sakta hai k Takfer k Asal Takber o tahrema ho Aur bakufa se Tabdel kar deya gaya ho''


ese tarah kuc Dusre Kitab Al nehaya labin Aser jild-4, safa 163 per hai.


Tarjuma : ''Kisi Insan k apne Sir ko kisi Dusre Inasan ki Tazem ki Khater Ruku ki Ma'aned jukana''


ese tarah Al Nehayat laIbn seraz jild-4,safa 164 me hai.


Tarzuma : ''Abu maser kahte hai k Aap Sallalahu alaihe wasallam Namaz me Takfer ko Napasand kare the Allama Ibn Aser farmate hai k Ruku se kabl Halat Kayam me Bahut Jayada Jukne ko Takfer kahte hai''


Majkura Rewayat Sand k Aytebaar se Sahi ho ya Gair-Sahih leken Es Se Chand hakak Surat wajeh hote hai.


1-Seene per Hanth rakhna Tajeem ki ek Sakal hai


2- Seene per Hanth Rakhna Salam k Andeya dena Ahle-kitab ki Rasam bidda hai.


3-Halat kayam me bahut jayada Jukna Na Munasab hai.


**Dallil Number -2**


''Hazrat Wail bin Huzr r.a bayan karte hai k may Aap (s.a.w) ki khidmat me Us Waqt hazer hua jab Aap (s.a.w) Masjid k Rukh farma chuke the Aap (s.a.w) ne Masjid Imamat per Pahuch ker Dono Hanth Uthae Aur Takber o Tahrema kahe fer Aap (s.a.w) ne apne Da'aye Hanth ko Ba'aye Hanth per Rakh ker Unhe Seene per Rakh leya''


[Al Sunan Al kaber Lil Bahke jild-2, Safa-317]


Seene per Hanth bandne ki Saraht Hadees Aap (s.a.w) se Hazrat Halb tahi r.a Aur Hazrat Wail bin Huzr r.a Bayan karte hai,Hazrat Wail bin Huzr r.a se hadees Hazrat Kulaib Aur Mohtama Yahiya joja Wail bin huzr r.a Bayan karte hai,Aur Mohtarma se Un k Lakhtezegar hazrat Abdul Al zabbar bin Wail bin Huzr r.a Bayan karte hai.


*Abdul Al Zabbar bin Wail r.a Maheren ki Nazar me**


Allama Ibn Said r.al kahte hai.


''Abdul Al zabbar bin wail r.a Seka rawi hai un se kam Rewayat marwi hai Aur jo Rewayat wo barahe rast Apne Walid se Nakal karte hai Maher e fan ne un per Zarrah ki hai unka kahna hai k un k Apne Walid se Sema Sabit Nahi ''


[Al Tabkat Al kaber jild-2, Safa-213]


''kala Abu hatim : Rawi Aan Abi Mursal walm Yasma mah''


[Al-Zarrah wa Al-tadel jild-2,Safa-39]


''Aan yahiya bin moin Ana kala Abdul Zabbar bin wail Seka''


[Aija ]


''Kala Al dudri An abi Moin : Saibat Walm yasma man Abi sahih''


[Tahzeb Al-Tahzeb jild-6,Safa-95]


Imam Abu hatim kahte hai unka apne Walid se Sema Sabit Nahi, Imam Yahiya bin Moin r.al farmate hai Seka Aur Sabit hai leken Unhone Apne Walid se Bara'ah e rast Kuch Nahi Suna.


Darz se bala Bayanat se ye wajeh hua k Abul Zabbar bin Wail Nafse Seka Aur Sabit hai tahum unke wo rewayat Mahal Nazr hai jo wo apne Walid se bara-e-rast Karte hai Yaad rahe k Zer bahas rewayat Hazrat Abdur AlZabbar Apne Walid se barah e rast Nahi balke Apne Walida (maa) Mazeda Mohtarma yahiya k sout se karte hai.


Note:- Ab Ahnaf Bataliyan (Deo,Barelv,Shi
a,Qadiyan etc) Mere de hue Dallil k radd Dallil se nahi karege ki balke Apne Jaati Raye or Qayas se karege.. Aur wo Ab Sahi Ibn khuzaima r.al ki Nakal karda Hadees se Ab Al Sunan Al kaber Lil Bahke jild-2, Safa-317 Dallil ko Zaif Bolne k peche hanth dho ker parege.. Hanfi Mental case lloollzzzz khair koi Baat Nahi Ahle-hadees Zabtak es Sar-jaami per rahege tab tak hak Baat Awam ko batate rahege... Aur Quraan o Sahi hadees ki Dawat dete rahege...

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Allah paak hume kahne Sunne se jayada Sahi hadees per Amal karne ki toufeek de.. Aameen ya Rabbulalameen.